Plastic has become a major part of a wide variety of consumer products because of its versatility and relative low cost. Because of continuously increasing global demand for these polymer, its contribution to environmental pollution becomes imminent.
One of the technologies that was particularly developed to combat the problem on plastic pollution is oxo-biodegradation. This is the process by which plastic is made easier to degrade in the environment through addition of pro-degradant chemicals during manufacturing that destroy the molecular structure of the plastic once it is exposed to certain stimuli, such as heat and sunlight. Oxo-biodegradable plastic therefore degrades quickest when it becomes litter.
The GCC region, with its generally hot temperature and abundance of sunlight, is an ideal environment for oxo-biodegradation. This is particularly the reason why the UAE and KSA have adopted laws that mandate disposable polyolefin plastics to be oxo-biodegradable.